## Public Health Professionals and Statistics. 2023 Best

Week 2 Discussion 1 is about Public Health Professionals and Statistics. Paper instructions: first discussion to reply: minimum 100 words Kerry MacKay – Monday, 9 January 2023, 3:15 PM Hello, classmates! In navigating the question of using statistics to evaluate public health programs,

## Public Health Professionals and Statistics.

Week 2 Discussion 1: Public Health Professionals and Statistics. Paper instructions: first discussion to reply: minimum 100 words Kerry MacKay – Monday, 9 January 2023, 3:15 PM Hello, classmates! In navigating the question of using statistics to evaluate public health programs, I thought deeply regarding how it is applied and what successes have come from public health interventions that ultimately have stemmed from data comparison with biostatistics. I consider the use of statistics extremely helpful to implement certain strategies and programs. It can be difficult, but shows great results in the end. I think it is extremely appropriate to compare and contrast many different things to discover gaps in populations.

### Public Health Professionals and Statistics.

A good example of this might be looking at the average number of individuals in Boston who were diagnosed with lung cancer in 2022. From this, we can compare these numbers to other years or other cities and look at gaps in why they might be higher or lower in comparison. There are so many factors that play into examining public health data through the use of biostatistics along with generating effective research questions and leading into coming up with a proper study design. Using statistics can help us better understand and evaluate public health programs because we are taking specific data measured to evaluate smart goals and objectives.

#### Public Health Professionals and Statistics.

A specific book that I examined discussed the example of critiquing a program meeting its goals in conducting program evaluations through gathered data for the United States General accounting office in response to requests. These requests lead to creative evaluation questions to figure out specifically what people want to know and what they can do better (Newcomer et al., 2015). Exploratory data analysis allows us to get to know the data and see if programs are effective (Collins, 2010). Findings can further be used to examine goals, push forward and see the program’s effectiveness.

#### Public Health Professionals and Statistics.

Using statistics helps us to see numbers and why a program might be highly needed. It acts as proof in times stemming from a certain public health issue that a community might be struggling with. Statistics can help us determine patterns and draw conclusions from data because going by data can not lie. You can compare statistics across a wide population using various factors to visually see patterns in public health data, and find gaps. Gathering data to make informed decisions about public health programs helps us because it can gather qualitative and quantitative data to closely examine effectiveness.

#### Public Health Professionals and Statistics.

Various methods of collecting sample data to better understand a population’s characteristics include developing a research question, surveying, cohort studies, community needs assessment or other various types of studies. In one of the learning materials for this week, the researcher examined a specific population’s alcohol intake on their heaviest night (Collins, 2010). Knowing these numbers within the community can influence if it is high, having a public health substance use program if studies show that it is needed. Feel free to critique any thoughts that I have shared through this post.

#### Public Health Professionals and Statistics.

References Collins, S. Jan 14, 2010. Exploratory data analysis demo for SPSS 15.avi. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SMJJbvRm0Uw Newcomer, K. E., Hatry, H. P., Wholey, J. S. (2015). Handbook of practical program evaluation. Jossey-Bass, a Wiley imprint. Wisdom, J. W., Creswell, J. W. (2013) Mixed methods: Integrating quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis while studying patient-centered medical home models (PDF).   https://youtu.be/Fzc3j8QG_Mw

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## Influence of multicultural background 2022 Best

Influence of multicultural background on the cognitive differences of the chines calligraphy. Chapter  will be introduction background information Statement of the Problem Purpose of the Study Research question/problem Research hypothesis Definitions Delimitations/limitations Significance of the study Chapter 2 Literature review.

## Influence of multicultural background

1. Major: Semiotics 2. Degree: PhD 3. Paper type: Thesis 4. Topic: THE INFLUENCE OF MULTICULTURAL BACKGROUND ON THE COGNITIVE DIFFERENCES OF CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY 5. Word count: about 40,000 words 6. Reference style: APA 6th 7. Number of references: 100 (temporarily, you can decide by yourself) 8. Thesis structure (Please see details in document “2. Handout.pdf”) Chapter 1 Introduction Background information Statement of the Problem Purpose of the Study Research question/problem Research hypothesis Definitions Delimitations/limitations Significance of the study Chapter 2 Literature review.

### Influence of multicultural background

Chapter 3 Propose methods/ methodology Design of the study Development of the instrument/ experimental treatment Data collection procedures Data analysis procedures Method of verification Chapter 4 Expected findings and discussion Conclusion and recommendations References Appendices Biography 9. Writing schedule (you are required to send me drafts based on below deadline, I will discuss them with my tutor) 1) The 1st draft: 26/Nov/2022; 2) The 2nd draft: 03/Dec/2022; 3) The 3rd draft: 10/Dec/2022 4) Finish the thesis. https://youtu.be/9fzPN7IxlSo

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## Literature review on Teen Moms 2022 Best

For this assignment we will draft a literature review on Teen Moms in Today’s Society How do interventions effect teen pregnancy. The literature review asks you to write a brief and focused literature review. Assignment Instructions: Write a four- to five-page literature review on a topic of interest in social work practice.

## Literature review on Teen Moms

Paper details: The literature review asks you to write a brief and focused literature review. Assignment Instructions: Write a four- to five-page literature review on a topic of interest in social work practice. In your literature review include: 1. A very brief background (context) for the issue you’ve chosen. This should contain information about the issue, statistics about any relevant populations or the topic/issue, information about the size and scope of the issue, or other fact-based or evidence-based analysis that provides a supporting rationale for the literature review.

### Literature review on Teen Moms

2. Provide a discussion about what is known about the issue, citing at least 10 peer-reviewed research articles in this section of the paper. You may also use gray literature reports, briefs, etc. as additional sources. In this section, you should synthesize the literature, identifying key themes and issues. 3. Indicate what is missing from the knowledge base—that is, what needs to be known, what do we need more evidence on and why. This section should link directly back to the literature review (question 2) and may include additional citations and sources as needed.

#### Literature review on Teen Moms

4. Present an analysis/critique of the literature within the framework of the core values of the Code of Ethics (select 2 of the core values) to apply and analyse —to what degree does the literature reflect those values? Specifically, based on your synthesis of the literature, what is important for social work researchers to reflect on as they engage in further research in this area? 5. End the literature review by articulating a potential research question based on this knowledge need that would help to fill the knowledge gap.

#### Literature review on Teen Moms

This section should summarize and draw conclusions and provide a research question that can be used for your Research Study Design assignment. Specifications: The paper will be double-spaced, in APA format, with citations and references. This is not an essay and should be written in a professional voice. Avoid using colloquialisms or rooting this paper in personal experience. Please use headings and subheaders within your paper to help organize your writing. Include a cover page. https://youtu.be/VKNfs1BuySs

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## Creating an annotated bibliography. 2022 Best

The primary focus of this assignment is the creating an annotated bibliography. Include a minimum of 10 empirical research sources. Apply current APA formatting. Each annotation should include the citation of the source, just as it would appear in the reference list.

## Creating an annotated bibliography.

Overview The primary focus of this assignment is the creation of an annotated bibliography. However, it is important to see the pathology of your work. Developing the research topic and dissecting the literature are all part of understanding how to develop your annotated bibliography. In the previous week, you proposed a project topic and began working on your research topic template and using a research organization tool to track literature. As part of this assignment, you will finalize these two documents and include them in your submission. Annotated Bibliography Number each source.

### Creating an annotated bibliography.

Include a minimum of 10 empirical research sources. Apply current APA formatting. Each annotation should include the citation of the source, just as it would appear in the reference list. Identify the journal’s impact factor (see Source Quality.) Identify the research question. Identify the research problem that the author or authors hoped to resolve. Identify the methods the authors used to investigate the research question. Provide a summary of the findings. Evaluate the work.

#### Creating  an annotated bibliography.

You can do this by addressing arguments and counterarguments from the research and discussing the value that the research has for the field—how it advances the knowledge base. Also, consider the strengths and areas where the research could expand. Finally, discuss how the study supports your research topic. Identify whether you chose the article for its usefulness in terms of method, content, or both method and content, and why. https://youtu.be/qrDFzwZ2dGc

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## Income levels in the United States. 2022 Best

This paper explores how education impact income levels in the United States. The problem statement should provide a “road map” of what you plan to do in your research paper and an explanation of why this issue is important.

## Income levels in the United States.

Installment #1: Problem statement and Annotated Bibliography (Due Sep 27, 20% of your final grade) Choose a research project topic & write a problem statement: The problem statement should provide me with a “road map” of what you plan to do in your research paper and an explanation of why this issue is important. That should spell out the research puzzle that will be the subject of your project. The problem statement should spell out the research question you are addressing and the major aspects of the research question that need to be explored in some detail.

### Income levels in the United States.

Identify and read 10 scholarly journal articles on your topic: do not include in your annotated bibliography articles from newspapers, news magazines, opinion magazines, government documents, or material available on the web. You should list your 10 articles (using the correct citation format) in “References” section at the end of your annotated bibliography (on a separate page).  Prepare one page summary of each article and a 1-2 page problem statement: The article summaries should spell out the themes, hypotheses, and findings that are relevant to your research question. Each article summary should spell out the major issues addressed by the authors, the theoretical approach they used, and their analysis, methods, and findings. https://youtu.be/cF0XpjXk-y0

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